Surprised by Paradox

The Promise of "And" in an Either-Or World

Author: Jen Pollock Michel

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 083087092X

Category: Religion

Page: 216

View: 5236


In a world filled with ambiguity, we want faith to act like an orderly set of truth-claims to solve the problems that life throws at us. While there are certainties in Christian faith, at the heart of the Christian story is also paradox, and Jen Pollock Michel helps readers imagine a Christian faith open to mystery. Jesus invites us to abandon the polarities of either and or in order to embrace the difficult, wondrous dissonance of and.

A Wittgensteinian Way with Paradoxes

Author: Rupert Read

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739168975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 1786


A Wittgensteinian way with paradoxes tackles some of the classic philosophical paradoxes that have puzzled philosophers over the centuries and explores how they can be dissolved using the ‘therapeutic’ method of Wittgenstein, according to the ‘resolute’ reading of the latter’s work. The book shows how, by contrast, we should give more serious consideration to real, ‘lived paradoxes’, some of which can be harmful psychically, morally or politically, but others of which can be beneficial.

The Infinite Tortoise

The Curious Thought Experiments of History's Great Thinkers

Author: Joel Levy

Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books

ISBN: 1782436383

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 8791


A clear, concise and fascinating guide to philosophical thought experiments and how they've shaped our understanding of the world. From Plato's Cave to Descartes' Demon, and from Zeno's paradoxes to Hilbert's Hotel, great thinkers have used thought experiments and paradoxes to try and work out complex ideas in the simplest way possible. Perhaps the most famous thought experiment is that of Zeno's Achilles and the tortoise. If both Achilles and the tortoise move at constant speed, why will Achilles never catch up with the tortoise when the tortoise starts ahead of him? Zeno argues that when Achilles reaches the point where the tortoise started the race, the tortoise will have already moved on. And as Achilles runs on to where the tortoise was last, when he reaches that point the tortoise has moved again. Therefore Achilles will never catch up with the tortoise as the distance he must run gets smaller and smaller and each time he has less and less time to run. Starting in Ancient Greece, Joel Levy guides us through the mind-bending world of thought experiments and their role in revealing the complexity of morality, exploring the limitations and the infinite possibilities of the human mind.

Paradox Lost

Logical Solutions to Ten Puzzles of Philosophy

Author: Michael Huemer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319904906

Category: Philosophy

Page: 260

View: 1834


Paradox Lost covers ten of philosophy’s most fascinating paradoxes, in which seemingly compelling reasoning leads to absurd conclusions. The following paradoxes are included: The Liar Paradox, in which a sentence says of itself that it is false. Is the sentence true or false? The Sorites Paradox, in which we imagine removing grains of sand one at a time from a heap of sand. Is there a particular grain whose removal converts the heap to a non-heap? The Puzzle of the Self-Torturer, in which a series of seemingly rational choices has us accepting a life of excruciating pain, in exchange for millions of dollars. Newcomb’s Problem, in which we seemingly maximize our expected profit by taking an unknown sum of money, rather than taking the same sum plus $1000. The Surprise Quiz Paradox, in which a professor finds that it is impossible to give a surprise quiz on any particular day of the week . . . but also that if this is so, then a surprise quiz can be given on any day. The Two Envelope Paradox, in which we are asked to choose between two indistinguishable envelopes, and it is seemingly shown that each envelope is preferable to the other. The Ravens Paradox, in which observing a purple shoe provides evidence that all ravens are black. The Shooting Room Paradox, in which a deadly game kills 90% of all who play, yet each individual’s survival turns on the flip of a fair coin. Each paradox is clearly described, common mistakes are explored, and a clear, logical solution offered. Paradox Lost will appeal to professional philosophers, students of philosophy, and all who love intellectual puzzles.

Game Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Ken Binmore

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191579580

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 5926


Games are everywhere: Drivers manoeuvring in heavy traffic are playing a driving game. Bargain hunters bidding on eBay are playing an auctioning game. A firm negotiating next year's wage is playing a bargaining game. The opposing candidates in an election are playing a political game. The supermarket's price for corn flakes is decided by playing an economic game. Game theory is about how to play such games in a rational way. Even when the players have not thought everything out in advance, game theory often works for the same reason that mindless animals sometimes end up behaving very cleverly: evolutionary forces eliminate irrational play because it is unfit. Game theory has seen spectacular successes in evolutionary biology and economics, and is beginning to revolutionize other disciplines from psychology to political science. This Very Short Introduction introduces the fascinating world of game theory, showing how it can be understood without mathematical equations, and revealing that everything from how to play poker optimally to the sex ratio among bees can be understood by anyone willing to think seriously about the problem. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The 1999 Paradox

Episode 1: The Dream Girl Paradox

Author: , KSZ OLIVER


ISBN: 1526019973

Category: Fiction

Page: 340

View: 749


The 1999 Paradox — Episode 1: The Dream Girl Paradox 'Drems are wish fulfilment' Sigmund Freud Parallel Worlds, Time Travels and Paradoxes: recurring themes in science fiction, linked to Quantum Mechanics and flirting with philosophy — whose attempt to understand always promises to knot our brains: how about joining the three in one story? What if you felt you had a responsibility to prevent the kidnapping and murder of someone you love, but you knew that this 'someone' died in 1999?... Based on the fearsome and enigmatic paradoxical effects on spacetime, as well as the exciting possibility of shifting between Alternate Realities, the book addresses the psychological and circumstantial effects — as well as the ethical implications of this resource on the characters' lives: against the background an unusual timeless romance and a search and rescue in the past. In this first part, follow with us the trajectory of Denny, a young man who works for the police of Murity, a small town in the state of Bahian in Brazil, in the Recôncavo region: who finds himself in love with a young woman, Emmanuelle Machado — paradoxically kidnapped and killed 20 years ago. While searching for answers to this and other puzzles that suddenly came into his life because of this mysterious fact, he discovers that everything is linked to a mysterious smartphone-clad Time Machine and a date in 1999. Well, to find out the answer — or more questions — to these and many other intriguing situations, start reading: 'The 1999 Paradox series: The Dream Girl Paradox'. K.S.Z OLIVER Have a Good Reading!

Paradox Lost

A Cross-Contextual Definition of Levels of Abstraction

Author: Linda G. Elson,Alan Ponikvar

Publisher: Hampton Pr


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 217

View: 3618


In this work the author is guided by an interest in bringing clarity by way of a definition to a central theme of communication theory - levels of abstraction. The author notes that a levels-perspective has been often employed in various fields of study but has not itslef been a topic of investigation. By rectifying this problem, the author hopes that there will be an appreciation of the explanatory scope of such a persepective. To this end, the works concluding chapter surveys and offers creative applications and suggestive implications of a levels approach to a wide variety of fields.

The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten

100 Experiments for the Armchair Philosopher

Author: Julian Baggini

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101098073

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 693


Perfect for gifting to lovers of philosophy or mining intelligent ice-breaker topics for your next party, The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten offers one hundred philosophical puzzles that stimulate thought on a host of moral, social, and personal dilemmas. Taking examples from sources as diverse as Plato and Steven Spielberg, author Julian Baggini presents abstract philosophical issues in concrete terms, suggesting possible solutions while encouraging readers to draw their own conclusions: Lively, clever, and thought-provoking, The Pig That Wants to Be Eaten is a portable feast for the mind that is sure to satisfy any intellectual appetite.

The Paradox of Progress

Author: James Willis

Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing

ISBN: 9781857750638

Category: Medical

Page: 137

View: 8118


Rekindles the spirit that some have lost and explores the problem retaining respect for human values in an increasingly systemized world.